ELLORA CAVES – A Great Ancient Indian Art work

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Ellora caves or Elura which was called Elapura in ancient India are one of the tourist attractions in Maharashtra. The Ellora Caves are listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It consists of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain temples and monuments which were carved in the 6th to 8th century CE. The Kailasa temple is the most incredible example of ancient carvings. It was carved in the 8th century. For instance, it’s a 32 meters high temple known as the largest rock-cut monument in the world.

Location-

Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, central India.

How to reach….. –

The distance of Ellora caves is 29 km from Aurangabad city. you can use local public transport or private vehicles

Entry fees-

for Indians- 40 rupees.

for foreigners- 600 rupees.

Kailash Temple

kailasa temple ellora

The Kailash temple is numbered as the site no. 16 is one of the great monuments in the world and it is the largest structure anywhere in one single rock. Built by King Krishna I of the Rashtrakuta dynasty in the 8th century as the symbol of his victory against Pallavas, The Kailash temple is a perfect example of the Dravida temple architecture style situated in the south. Therefore, it looks similar to the Kailasanatha at Kanchipuram. It is a Pancayatana means a five-shrine temple.

Staircase of the Kailasa Temple, Ellora

This temple was dedicated to Kailash. In other words, Lord Shiva lived in Kailas mountain in Himalaya, that’s how he was named Kailash.

The temple was built by digging out the hill downwards. Two massive base pillars are 90 meters long. They are connected with a trench 53 m in length. After that, the central portion of a temple was carved. The whole structure is 32 meters high from the ground. The temple contains three towers with an octagonal dome. However, two separate standing columns called Dhvajastambha flanking the mandapa entrance hall. Total 16 columns each in the group of 4 sets are carved in the entrance on the other hand the statue of Nandi is carved in front of the sanctuary. The detailing and finishing work of this temple are fantastic. the artwork shows the culture of that time.

Caves

Ellora is the most important second site of ancient architecture. However, there are 35 caves and temples, produced during the period Kalachuri dynasty in the 6th and 7th CE.

After that, the earliest cave no.21, the Hindu Ramesvara, dates 6th century CE. Its an example of typical ancient Hindu temples. There is an inner sanctum. In other words, a corridor for worshippers to walk around the temple and beautiful decoration. The temperature inside the temple is cooler than outside. There are scenes from Puranas and sacred texts on walls. However, Cave 21 contains goddesses of the river on the front.

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