AJANTA CAVES – Great Ancient philosophies under 30 caves

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AJANTA caves are a major attraction for historians. similarly, It attracts artists, monks, sculpture artists, tourists. The incredible principles of Buddhism. Amazing philosophy is written in these places.

The caves are carved in mountains give us one of the most accepted ideologies. In other words, if you see the paintings and sculptures carved in caves. You will get a real idea of what Buddhism is.

LOCATION

Ajanta caves are situated about 104 km from Aurangabad city. These caves are basically cave monuments. These caves are carved in rocks between 200 BC to 480 CE.

How to reach…

After reaching Aurangabad, You can go to Ajanta caves by taking a bus. The ticket price is 121 rupees.

These caves represent the culture of ancient Indian artwork. Ajanta caves are UNESCO World Heritage Site. Inside the caves, ancient monasteries and halls for worship are carved. In addition, there are paintings that show Buddhist traditions on the cave walls. A total of 30 caves was carved in the mountain rocks. This was a resting site for merchants and other pilgrims. It was hidden in jungles. In 1819 until it was discovered accidentally by British officer John Smith 1819. These caves were carved in Satavahana and Vakataka period.

ajanta caves

HISTORY OF AJANTA

There are numbers given to the caves in which 9, 10, 12, 13, and 15A are the earliest caves. However, these were carved in the period of the Satavahana dynasties. After that, the Gupta dynasty carved the remaining caves in their period to clarify the existence of king Risika Upendragupta. In addition, caves 9, 10 contain Stupa means a place used for meditation and worship called Chaitya Griha. cave 12,13 and 15A are called Vihara. Many Chinese pilgrims including Faxian visited this place in 400 CE. The caves were carved after the earliest caves in the 5th century.

map of caves
map of area

The second phase of the carving phase was based on MAHAYANA. It represents the traditions of Buddhism. For instance, philosophy, texts, sutras were carved in caves. Similarly, caves 1 to 8, 11, and 14-29 belong to the second phase.

In conclusion, If you are interested in Indian culture and heritage as well as Indian artwork. Then you must visit this place.

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